AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a chronic, life-threatening disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV attacks and weakens the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight off infections and diseases.
In this blog, we will discuss the causes and treatment of AIDS
Causes of AIDS:
HIV is primarily spread through sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles or syringes contaminated with infected blood, and from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. HIV can also be transmitted through blood transfusions, organ transplants, and accidental needle sticks.
The virus enters the body and begins to attack the immune system by infecting and destroying CD4 cells, a type of white blood cell that plays a crucial role in fighting infections. As the number of CD4 cells decreases, the immune system weakens, and the body becomes more vulnerable to infections and diseases.
Treatment of AIDS:
There is currently no cure for AIDS, but with the proper treatment, people living with HIV can lead long and healthy lives. Treatment for AIDS involves a combination of medications called antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART works by stopping the virus from multiplying, reducing the amount of HIV in the blood, and allowing the immune system to recover.
It is essential to start ART as soon as possible after diagnosis, as early treatment can help prevent the progression of HIV to AIDS. Regular monitoring of CD4 cell count and viral load levels can help determine the effectiveness of treatment and guide adjustments in medication.
Along with medication, people living with AIDS can also take steps to maintain their health and prevent infections. This includes practicing safe sex, avoiding sharing needles, and staying up to date on vaccinations.
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